Oriental Rugs – You Can Count the Knots, Although Knots Don’t Count!
I know, that sounds very confusing! But the facts pertaining to the knot count of an Oriental rug are complicated. You cannot judge the quality of a rug by the knots per square inch alone. I will try to give you some basic information here to help you understand.
The four parts of an Oriental rug are the warp, the weft, the selvage or edge, and the knots. The selvage or edge is where the weft turns around and goes back through the warps to the other side and holds the rug together. Visit 0nline https://www.ruglove.co.uk/ for more details, The warp and weft make up the foundation of the rug and are generally cotton. In a hand made rug, the knots are tied around the warp and make up the “pile” of a rug which is usually made of wool.
There is no such thing as the ideal construction, except that it is generally agreed that a stitch with as many knots in the warp direction as in the weft direction makes for a smoother curve, a rounder circle, i.e. a square stitch. For each design there is a combination of characteristics, one being the stitch; that makes it commercially successful.
Since the knots in a rug are tied by hand and since a weaver can tie approximately 8000 knots per day, the number of knots per square inch times the number of square inches gives some approximation of the labor content. But because the joy of an Oriental rug is the pattern, the complexity of the pattern and the execution of the weave also have a significant bearing on the value of a rug. Having said that; because of these complexities it is difficult to compare similar knots per square inch from different countries.
Each country has a different method and jargon for defining their basis for knot counts. In addition, there are a multitude of knot constructions used by each country. Below is a VERY brief definition and comparison chart for a few major rugs producing countries.
My disclaimer here is that I would absolutely confuse and bore you to sleep if I gave you a complete breakdown of how knots are tied and counted for every country.